Topic 2: the American Election (October 2016)

clinton trump

Part 1: a cartoon

What do you know about the American election?

Do you know the candidates?

Part 2:a quiz

answer the questions of the quiz to learn more about the electoral system in the USA

Part 3: The White House

Very interesting video about the White House!
Deconstructing History: White House Video – Washington, D.C. …
Vidéo pour « history.com reconstructing the white house »▶ 2:00
[history https://www.history.com/topics/us…/deconstructing-history-white-house%5D

Etude de cette vidéo.

Part 4:  Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton’s biography

American Elections 2016 – Biographies
Read the biographies. Group A – fills in grid A and Group B – fills in grid B

I- Hillary CLINTON

Hillary Clinton is one of the most prominent American politicians of the 2000s. In 2000, she became the only former First Lady to hold an elected office when she was elected Senator of New York. In 2009, she was appointed the U.S. Secretary of State by President Barack Obama. She is currently running for President of the United States in the 2016 presidential election.Where did Hillary Clinton grow up?Hillary Diane Rodham was born on October 26, 1947 in Chicago, Illinois in a Methodist family.. She grew up in the suburbs of Chicago with her two younger brothers (Hugh and Tony). Hillary’s dad, Hugh, ran a successful drapery business and her mother, Dorothy, was a homemaker. Hillary was an active student in her high school. She participated in sports and was class vice president her junior year. She got good grades and finished in the top 5% of her class. She also became involved in politics and worked on the presidential campaign for Republican Barry Goldwater.College and Law SchoolAfter high school, Hillary attended Wellesley College where she graduated in 1969 with a degree in political science. Hillary became more involved in politics while at Wellesley and decided to attend Yale Law school. During her time in college, Hillary changed her politics from Republican to Democrat and began working on campaigns for the Democratic Party. She graduated from Yale with honors in 1973.Marriage to Bill ClintonIt was at Yale where Hillary met Bill Clinton. They dated while attending school and for a few more years after graduating. On October 11, 1975 they were married. Hillary and Bill soon became the most powerful political couple in Arkansas. Bill was elected governor of Arkansas in 1978. For the next several years, Hillary served as the First Lady of Arkansas. She also worked on various political campaigns (including one for Jimmy Carter) and as a lawyer in the Rose Law Firm.First LadyIn 1992, Bill Clinton was elected President of the United States. While serving as First Lady, Hillary was very involved with White House policies and worked closely with her husband on several issues.
Senator
After Bill left office in 2000, Hillary decided to run for the Senate seat in New York. She won easily and became the only former First Lady to win an elected office. She ran again in 2006 and won. While serving as senator she worked on several committees including the Committee on Budget, the Committee on Armed Services, and the Committee on Environment and Public Works. She voted in favor of the war in Afghanistan, the Iraq War, and the Patriot Act. She also voted against tax cuts and for the bailout of the banks in 2008.Secretary of StateHillary ran for president in 2008, but lost the Democratic nomination to future President Barack Obama. She then served as the Secretary of State for Obama from 2009 to 2013. During her time as Secretary of State, she visited 112 countries, the most of any Secretary of State in history
ScandalsHillary has been involved in several political scandals throughout her career. This article will not get into the controversial political details other than to list them so students and readers can do further research on their own. Some of the major scandals include Benghazi, the Clinton private email scandal, and Whitewater. Interesting Facts about Hillary ClintonDuring high school, she wrote a letter to NASA asking how she could become an astronaut. She got a letter back saying they weren’t accepting women into the program. Hillary and Bill Clinton have a daughter named Chelsea. She was the only First Lady to have an office with the president’s senior staff in the West Wing of the White House. She won a Grammy Award for the audio version of her book It Takes a Village. Clinton makes over $200,000 for giving a speech. She often speaks to major corporations and Wall Street firms. In 2014/2015 she reportedly made around $11 million giving speeches. Hillary and Bill Clinton are very rich. Money Nation estimated their net worth to be around $111 million in 2015.

II- Donald TRUMP

Donald Trump is a wealthy real estate developer. Trump turned his attention to politics and in 2015, he announced his candidacy for president of the United States under the Republican ticket.
Where did Donald Trump grow up?
Donald John Trump was born on June 14, 1946, in Queens, New York, in a Protestant family, the fourth of five children of Frederick C. and Mary MacLeod Trump. His father was of German origins and his mother of Scottish origins. Frederick Trump was a builder and real estate developer who came to specialize in constructing and operating apartments in Queens, Staten Island and Brooklyn.

Education

Donald was an energetic, assertive child, and his parents sent him to the New York Military Academy at age 13, hoping the discipline of the school would channel his energy in a positive manner.
Trump did well at the academy, both socially and academically, rising to become a star athlete and student leader by the time he graduated in 1964. He then entered Fordham University and two years later transferred to the Wharton School of Finance at the University of Pennsylvania, from which he graduated in 1968 with a degree in economics.

New York Estate Developper

Trump was influenced by his father in his decision to make a career in real estate development. As a student, Trump worked with his father during the summer and then joined his father’s company, Elizabeth Trump & Son, after graduation from college. He was able to finance an expansion of the company’s holdings by convincing his father to be more liberal.

In 1971 Donald Trump was given control of the company, which he later renamed the Trump Organization. He also moved his residence to Manhattan, where he began to make important connections with influential people. Convinced of the city’s economic opportunity, Trump soon became involved in large building projects in Manhattan that would offer opportunities for earning high profits, using attractive architectural design and winning public recognition.

Expanding his Empire

In 1979 Trump leased a site on Fifth Avenue adjacent to the famous Tiffany & Company as the location for a monumental $200-million apartment-retail complex designed by Der Scutt. Opened in 1982, it was dubbed Trump Tower. The luxurious building attracted well-known retail stores and celebrity renters and brought Trump national attention.

Family

In 1977, Trump married Ivana Zelnickova Winklmayr, a New York fashion model. After the 1978 birth of the couple’s first of three children, Donald John Trump Jr., Ivana Trump was named vice president in charge of design in the Trump Organization and played a major role the company.
While trying to solve his financial troubles, Donald Trump’s image was further tarnished by the publicity surrounding his controversial separation and 1991 divorce from his wife, Ivana. But in 1993 he married again, this time to Marla Maples, a fledgling actress with whom he had been involved for some time and already had a child. Trump would ultimately file for a highly publicized divorce from Maples in 1997, which became final in June 1999. In January 2005, Trump married for a third time in another highly publicized wedding, this time to model Melania Knauss, who gave birth to a son, Barron William Trump, in March 2006.

In 2004 Trump began starring in the NBC reality series The Apprentice, which quickly became a hit. Scandals
Trump never did his military service. On July 18, 2015, Trump contested Senator and one-time Republican presidential nominee John McCain’s reputation as a military hero. « He’s not a war hero”.
Trump turned his divorces into media events.
In March 2016, Trump’s proposal to ban the immigration of Muslims to the United States, of waterboarding did not always make him popular.
His fortune could be of 10 billion dollars.

III- Grids

Grid A – Hillary Clinton

Grid B – Donald Trump

age

background

religion

education

family life

fortune

professional experience

political experience

Part 5:  the voting process in the USA

Vocabulary :

Give the right definition of these words :
election day /  popular vote/ state-wide votes/ an elector or presidential elector/  a citizen/  a populous state/  the President elect
…………………..is a person who is a member of a country.
…………………….Is the person who has been voted to be President, but has not yet started work.
…………………….is the day when people vote in the election
……………………..are the votes of one state.
……………………..has got a lot of inhabitants
…………………….is defined as the number of individual votes for a candidate
……………………….is an expert who chooses a political leader.

Exercise : use the words above to fill the gap in each sentence/
1. …………………… of the United States do not directly elect the president or the vice president.
2. New York State is more ………………………… than Kansas.
3. The French President is elected directly by the citizens. In other words he is elected by ………………….
4. ………………….. in the US is on November 8th.
5. Voters in the United States don’t vote for the president. People actually vote for a group of ……………………….

Pronunciation :
measure / leisure/ Treasure

Listen and put the sentences in the order you hear them.
(electing a US President in plain English)

1. The candidate’s goal on election day is to win the majority of 538, or 270 electors.US elections are not decided by the total of popular vote, but individual states.
1. The candidate with the most state-wide votes becomes the candidate your state supports for president
1. There are 538 in total.
1. The influence a state has in the election is measured by the number of « electors ».
1. When a candidate wins enough states to reach the majority, they have won the election and become the President elect.
1. We end up with most of the 50 states and the District of Columbia voting to support 1 candidate each.
1. When a candidate wins the voting in a state, they win that state’s number of electors.
1. This number comes from the number of districts in a state plus the number of US senators, which is always

Part 6:  campaign ads

1. Circle the people that you can see in Hillary Clinton’s campaign ad.
Underline the people that you can see in Trump’s campaign ad.

Muslims
Students
families
Illegals
The rich
The poor
Hispanics
veterans
the disabled
the young Women
the gay
The Afro-americans
the Asians
Babies
Workers
Terrorists

2. Fill the grid for each video

Who speaks ?
Kind of music ?
slogan

3.  give your opinion about each video

Part 7:  Barack Obama’s famous speech on January 8, 2008:  yes, we can

2.40-4.10

1. Find the definition of those people:
a Founding father
a slave
an abolitionist
an immigrant
a pioneer
a worker





• someone who is legally owned by another person and is forced to work for that person without pay
• a man who had an important part in creating the government of the U.S.
• a person who does a particular job to earn money
• someone who is one of the first people to move to and live in a new area
• someone who wanted to end slavery, especially in the United States before the Civil War — when owning slaves was common practice.
• a person who comes to a country to live there

2. Fill the gaps with those nouns and “yes, we can”
…………………………..
It was a creed written into the …………………….. documents that declared the destiny of a nation.
………………………..
It was whispered by ……………………. and ……………………….. as they blazed a trail toward freedom through the darkest of nights.
……………………….
It was sung by …………………………….. as they struck out from distant shores and …………………………. who pushed westward against an unforgiving wilderness.
……………………
It was the call of ………………………… who organized; women who reached for the ballot; a President who chose the moon as our new frontier; and a King who took us to the mountaintop and pointed the way to the Promised Land.
………………………. to justice and equality. ……………………… to opportunity and prosperity. ……………………………. heal this nation. …………………… repair this world. …………………….

3. What important moments in American history does he refer to ?( justify by quoting the text)
Declaration of Independence, ……………………………………………………………………..
the abolition of slavery,…………………………………………………………………..
the settlement of North America, ………………………………………………………….
the first lunar landing, ………………………………………………………………
Martin Luther King……………………………………………………………….

4. What are the dates of those events ?
1776 / 1865 / 1607 / 1969 / 1963

5. How many times does he say «  yes, we can » ?
6. Why does he use the personal pronoun «  we » and not « you » ?
7. Quote 4 elements of the American dream.(last paragraph)

Part 8:  Hillary Clinton’s official campaign song:  Roar by Katy Perry

I used to (1)…………………… my tongue and (2)………………………. my breath

Scared to rock the boat and (3)……………………… a mess

So I (4)………………….. quietly, agree politely

I guess that I (5)…………………… I …………………… a choice

I (6)…………………….. you push me past the breaking point

I (7)…………………….. for nothing, so I (8)……………………….. for everything

[Pre-Chorus:]

You (9)……………………. me down, but I (10)…………………. up (HEY!)

Already brushing off the dust

You (11)…………………. my voice, you (12)………………… that sound

Like thunder gonna (13)………………….. the ground

You (14)……………………. me down, but I (15)…………………….up (HEY!)

(16)……………………….. ready ’cause

I.(17)…………………… enough

I (18)………………….. it all, I (19)…………………. it now

[Chorus:]

I (20)…………………. the eye of the tiger, a fighter, dancing through the fire

‘Cause I am a champion and you’re gonna (21)………………. me roar

Louder, louder than a lion

‘Cause I am a champion and you’re gonna hear me roar

Oh oh oh oh oh oh oh
Oh oh oh oh oh oh oh
Oh oh oh oh oh oh oh

You’re gonna hear me roar

Now I’m floating like a butterfly

Stinging like a bee I earned my stripes
I (22)………………….. from zero, to my own hero


		
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